Archive for apricots

Grafting – 101.1

Posted in grafting, Grouse Mt. Farm, organic farming, Pruning with tags , , , , , , , , , on March 2, 2014 by Grouse Mt. Farm

I’m going to try to do a fairly complete series about grafting fruit trees, step by step throughout the spring and aftercare through the summer. For a quick read on grafting, what it is and why do it, check out this link of a blog entry I wrote a few years ago: https://grousemtfarm.wordpress.com/2010/04/23/grafting/ and look up other resources where ever they may be .

I’ll be working with common fruit trees: apples, pears, peaches, plums, apricots, cherries and walnuts. Some fruits are easier to graft then others. Apples and pears are probably the easiest, with the soft fruits a bit more finicky (mostly timing) and difficult to get a good take. Walnuts are the most difficult for me, I’ve only had scant success grafting them, but we will try… The techniques are similar with other species then those I’ve mentioned, mulberries and persimmons are fairly easy. If you want to try something else, I recommend looking up the specifics for the species on the web or library etc.

The first step is to collect scion wood (pronounced sign or sine). The wood must be collected when the tree you’re collecting from is dormant, mid to late winter is good. If early is the only possible time, as long as it’s dormant and you provide good storage it should be fine too. If it is collected too late in the winter/early spring, the scion will begin to grow after being grafted before it has fused with the tree you’ve grafted to and in short order exhausting  its reserves and drying out. When all goes well, the tree and scion form a connection then as the wood comes out dormancy it’s tapped in to the tree to provide the energy it needs to grow and survive.

Gathering Scion Wood

Gathering Scion Wood

Moderately vigorous one year old wood is optimum for scion wood. That means a branch that had grown in the previous season. Sometimes called suckers, generally upright growth about the size (diameter) of a pencil or slightly bigger, much bigger just makes for more difficult cutting when we get to the knife work. I’ve marked (rather crudely, I admit) an approximate point where you could cut scion wood from, on this particular tree (this tree was grafted two years previous, note the tape and paint on the trunk).

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

 

 

The second photo shows, in my opinion, optimum sized wood. The piece to right and apart from from the grouping of three is the top of the piece cut, this is usually soft and pithy, it may work , but I usually discard it. The others are firm mature wood ready for storage. I wet a few pieces of newspaper and wrap the scion wood in it, place in plastic bag and in to the refrigerator. Not too wet, but you don’t want it to dry out either, and protect from freezing. AND, remember  to label as to what variety it is, it all looks the same when grafting time comes!

I usually begin grafting cherries in late march or early April because cherry wood doesn’t keep well and begins to sprout while in storage. Apples and pears in April here, and the other soft fruits the third to fourth week in April, during a bit of a warm spell, if possible. The walnuts I’m still trying to figure out, but more towards the end of May when the weather has warmed up. I’ll write about tools in the next post.

Re: More Pie Cherries August 11, 2012

Posted in farmers market, Grouse Mt. Farm, organic fruit with tags , , , , , , , on August 10, 2012 by Grouse Mt. Farm

Please pardon the mess below, I wasn’t intending to publish what got published, well not what but when. Anyway…

Along with the sour cherries, we’ll have Peaches, Blenheim Apricots (last week for them), Santa Rosa Plums, and White Fleshed Nectarines. Also Green Beans (Romano) and Eggplants.

It’s been a hot week and things are moving right along, ripening wise that is. Tomatoes should be here soon along with the usual fruits and veggies.

See you Saturday.

Pie Cherries

Posted in farmers market, Grouse Mt. Farm, organic fruit, whats fresh with tags , , , , , , , , , , on July 27, 2012 by Grouse Mt. Farm

They’ve  been slow in coming and still slow to ripen but we will have some pie or sour cherries this weekend ( July 28, 2012). Not as late as last year but as far past years go they’re on the late rather then early schedule. We’ll have North Star and Montmorency varieties this week, still not a whole lot but a good start.

Montmorency Pie Cherries

We still have many on trees, so we’ll have them for a couple of weeks yet.  Also the Balaton variety is yet to come, they’re another dark fleshed sour cherry.

We’ll also have more Attika and Bing sweet cherries, some Bleinheim Apricots, and some early Springcrest Peaches. Only a modest amount of Cots and Peaches, that fruit is just beginning to come on for us. We’ll have some Red Currants and Mulberries as well.

See you Saturday!

 

Whats Fresh for August 28

Posted in farmers market, Grouse Mt. Farm, organic fruit with tags , , , , , , , , on August 26, 2010 by Grouse Mt. Farm

Akane Apples


This week at the University District farmers market we’ll have:
-Garnet Peaches
-August Blaze Peaches
-Raritan Rose White Peaches
-Independence Nectarines
-Snow Queen White Nectarines
-Shiro Plums
-Santa Rosa Plums
-Blenheim Apricots
-Akane Apples
-Sunrise Apples
-Tydeman Apple
-Green Beans
-Tomatoes
I’m pleased to have more then one box of apples this week, I know a lot of people are anxiously awaiting the arrival of the apples. ( Personally I have no appetite for them until sometime around October, too much good soft fruit still, just me though…) Also a few more tomatoes then last week. This will be the last week for the Blenheim Apricots and Santa Rosa Plums as well as the Snow Queen Nectarines.

Independence Nectarine


I apologize for the brevity of the posts for the last month or so, I just can’t quite find the time or energy for more then the basic whats fresh list. I have some topics simmering and hope to get them blogged soon. Thanks and see you saturday!

Whats Fresh for August 21

Posted in farmers market, Grouse Mt. Farm, organic fruit with tags , , , , , on August 19, 2010 by Grouse Mt. Farm

Raritan Rose White Fleshed Peach


Wow, another week already, it is flying by…
Its been a hot one too, starting to cool a bit which is welcome.
Many fruits coming on for our eating pleasure.
This week we’ll have:
-Dixie Red Peach
-August Blaze Peach
-Raritan Rose White Peach
-Saturn Donut Peach
-Blenheim Apricot
-Snow Queen White Nectarine
-Independence Nectarine
-Shiro Plum
-Santa Rosa Plum
-Green beans
and a few tomatoes ( they’re taking their time getting ripe )

Shiro Plum


Apples are just around the corner, we may have a few this week, we’ll see what they (Tydeman apple) look like tomorrow. Some early Pears still a couple of weeks out.
See you saturday !

Saturn Peach

Fresh on the Market Table- August 14

Posted in farmers market, Grouse Mt. Farm, organic fruit with tags , , , , on August 12, 2010 by Grouse Mt. Farm

Its warming up again after being cooler them normal the last couple of weeks, I like the cooler weather but I am also glad for the heat. We better soak it up, its already the middle of August !! Besides that meaning we’re getting older fast it also means that the main summer fruits are coming on.
This week we’ll have:
-Snow Queen White Nectarines
-Dixie Red Peaches
-Santa Rosa Plums
-Blenheim Apricots
-Rival Apricots
-Grey Shallots
-Green Beans

Santa Rosa Plums


Snow Queen White Nectarine, not the prettiest fruit, but good tasting


We look forward to being back at the market this week after missing it last weekend, it just doesn’t feel right being home on a Saturday during the summer. We look forward to seeing you.

Blenheim Apricots